The ADHD Facts – Dispelling the Myths

  • ADHD is a medical neurobiological disorder, included in the field of mental health

  • ADHD conservatively occurs in 4% of adults and 5% of children worldwide

  • 80% of children maintain their diagnosis into adolescence

  • 60% are still affected by core symptoms in adulthood

  • Research shows that ADHD is most often inherited

  • There are three subtypes of ADHD, depending on the three core symptoms, inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity present:

    – predominately inattentive (previously referred to as ADD)

    – predominately hyperactive (very rare)

    – combined (most prevalent)

  • Symptoms of ADHD include difficulty with the regulation of attention. Inattention, difficulties prioritizing attention and difficulty breaking and shifting attention (over-focusing) can all be an issue.

  • Executive functioning impairment and mood dysregulation can also impact many children and adults with ADHD

  • ADHD is still under-diagnosed and under-treated in Canada

  • Parenting styles do not cause ADHD

  • Diets and limiting food additives and sugar will not cure ADHD

  • Treatment for ADHD should always be multi-modal

  • Children, adolescents and adults with untreated ADHD are at a greater risk for:

    – learning difficulties, less academic success, school dropout, and fewer years of schooling

    – additional mental health disorders and problems with self esteem

    – substance abuse and a greater chance of becoming involved in the justice system

    – sustaining injuries and more accidents as well as automobile accidents

  • ADHD impedes the acquisition of human and social capital. By not recognizing and treating ADHD costs to the Canadian economy increase